Coronavirus Disease 19 (COVID 19) Transmission & Prevention

Covid 19 prevention

COVID-19 which means coronavirus disease 19 is a highly transmittable and pathogenic viral infection which emerged in Wuhan, China and spread around the world. COVID 19 is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), X Genomic analysis revealed that SARS-CoV-2 is phylogenetically related to severe acute respiratory syndrome-like (SARS-like) bat viruses, therefore bats could be the possible primary reservoir.

The intermediate source of origin and transfer to humans is not known, however, the rapid human to human transfer has been confirmed widely.

There is no clinically approved antiviral drug or vaccine available to be used against COVID-19. However, few broad-spectrum antiviral drugs have been evaluated against COVID-19 in clinical trials, resulted in clinical recovery.

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How COVID 19 Spreads

For now, there is  no vaccine to prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). So to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to this virus.

  • COVID 19 is mostly spread  from person-to-person.
  • Between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet).
  • Through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs, sneezes or talks.

Covid 19

  • These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs.
  • Some recent studies have suggested that COVID-19 may be spread by people who are not showing symptoms.

How To Prevent COVID 19

  • Wash your hands often
  1. Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds especially after you have been in a public place, or after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.
  2. If soap and water are not readily available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
  3. Cover all surfaces of your hands and rub them together until they feel dry.
  4. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.

Covid 19 prevention

  • Avoid close contact with people
  1. Avoid close contact with people who are sick, even inside your home. If possible, maintain 6 feet between the person who is sick and other household members.
  2. Put distance between yourself and other people outside of your home.
  3. Remember that some people without symptoms may be able to spread virus.
  4. Stay at least 6 feet (about 2 arms’ length) from other people.
  5. Do not gather in groups.
  6. Stay out of crowded places and avoid mass gatherings.
  7. Keeping distance from others is especially important for people who are at higher risk of getting very sick.
  • Cover your nose and mouth with a cloth face cover when around others
  1. You could spread COVID-19 to others even if you do not feel sick.
  2. Everyone should wear a cloth face cover when they have to go out in public, for example to the grocery store or to pick up other necessities.
  3. Cloth face coverings should not be placed on young children under age 2, anyone who has trouble breathing, or is unconscious, incapacitated or otherwise unable to remove the mask without assistance.
  4. The cloth face cover is meant to protect other people in case you are infected.
  5. Do NOT use a face mask meant for a healthcare worker.
  6. Continue to keep about 6 feet between yourself and others.
  7. The cloth face cover is not a substitute for social distancing.

Covid 19 prevention

  • Cover coughs and sneezes
  1. If you are in a private setting and do not have on your cloth face covering, remember to always cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze or use the inside of your elbow.
  2. Throw used tissues in the trash.
  3. Immediately wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and
  4. water are not readily available, clean your hands with a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently

  1. Clean AND disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily. This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks.
  2. If surfaces are dirty, clean them. Use detergent or soap and water prior to disinfection.
  3. Then, use a household disinfectant. Most common EPA-registered household disinfectants

How Safe Is Alcohol-based  Hand Sanitizers On COVID 19

To protect yourself and others against COVID-19, clean your hands frequently and thoroughly.

  • Use alcohol-based hand sanitizer or wash your hands with soap and water.
  • If you use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer, make sure you use and store it carefully.
  • Keep alcohol-based hand sanitizers out of children’s reach. Teach them how to apply the sanitizer and monitor its use.
  • Apply a coin-sized amount on your hands. There is no need to use a large amount of the product.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, mouth and nose immediately after using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer, as it can cause irritation.
  • Hand sanitizers recommended to protect against COVID-19 are alcohol-based and therefore can be flammable. Do not use before handling fire or cooking.
  • Under no circumstance, drink or let children swallow an alcohol-based hand sanitizer. It can be poisonous.
  • Remember that washing your hands with soap and water is also effective against COVID-19.

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